Coconut Coir

Coconut Fiber

Coconut Husk used to be considered as a waste product and the farmers just leave it in the plantations. Today, it is a source of income for them. Celebes, seeing the opportunity, put up its coconut coir factory to extract the fiber. The plant is equipped with tubs for soaking the husk, machines that separates the coconut husk from the shell,and a machine to process the husk into fiber.

Coconut husks are made of bristle fiber (10%), mattress fiber (20%) and coir dust and shorts or wastes (70%). The abundance of fiber makes it a good, stable supply for industries that make brushes, rugs, doormats, carpets, bags, ropes, yarn fishing nets, and mattresses, etc.

Coconut fiber is natural fiber taken from by product of coconut husk then cleaned and compressed into bale. Coconut fiber belongs to the category fibers / fibrous materials. Coconut fiber have high lignin content and thus low cellulose content, as a result of which it is resilient, strong and highly durable. The remarkable lightness of the fibers is due to the cavities from the dried out sieve cells. Coconut fiber is the only fruit fiber usable in the textile industry.

Coconut Peat

Coconut Peat or often called as Cocopeat has:

  • high lignin (31%)
  • cellulose (27%) content
  • carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio of 104: 1

It also has a very high water holding capacity of 5 to 6 times its weight. It should be noted that Coconut Peat is stable because of the presence of high percentage of lignin. Thus, the peat left to itself takes decades to decompose. The composted peat is used along with organic supplements in crop fields in horticulture and floriculture. It is also used as rooting and growing medium for certain ornamental flowering plants. Decomposed coconut peat is also used as hydroponics systems for growing roses and vegetables under controlled conditions. The coconut peat in sterilized condition finds use in mushroom cultivation and floriculture. It is also used as an alternative for 'Peat Moss'.

Coconut Peat has a calorific value of 3975 k cal/kg, close to 4200 k cal/kg. of coal. It is also used as fuel briquettes with ash content 1/10th of coal


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